February 24, 2024

Brett Kelman, Anna Werner, CBS Information | KFF Well being Information (TNS)

A Tennessee dentist who has been sued by a number of TMJ and sleep apnea sufferers over an unproven dental gadget he invented has mentioned below oath that he by no means taught dentists to make use of the gadget for these illnesses — contradicting video footage of him telling dentists tips on how to use it.

Steve Galella, the inventor of the Anterior Development Steering Equipment, or “AGGA,” has mentioned in court docket depositions that his gadget had been used on about 10,000 sufferers, and that he educated many dentists to make use of the AGGA in lessons across the U.S. and abroad.

At the very least 23 sufferers, a few of whom described being determined for reduction from sleep apnea or temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ), have sued Galella in recent times claiming that the AGGA broken their mouths and, in some instances, prompted tooth loss. Galella denied wrongdoing in these lawsuits and has settled virtually all of them throughout the previous few months.

Galella was deposed earlier than he settled the biggest of these lawsuits. In line with a deposition transcript not too long ago obtained by KFF Well being Information and CBS Information, Galella mentioned below oath that he had not represented that the AGGA might deal with or treatment TMJ or sleep apnea.

Video footage tells a distinct story.

Galella repeatedly references treating TMJ and sleep apnea sufferers with the AGGA, generally along side different units, in footage from a coaching session he led with Australian dentists in 2017, which was produced in discovery in an AGGA lawsuit.

At one level within the footage, Galella could be seen displaying two variations of the AGGA to the dentists, pointing to 1 he says is most popular by “TMJ and sleep sufferers” — after which saying, “And I give it to them.”

“Are you able to treatment TMJ? Sure,” Galella instructed dentists as his 2017 coaching started, in response to the footage. “Are you able to treatment delicate to reasonable sleep apnea? Sure.”

The AGGA, which Galella not too long ago rebranded because the Osseo-Restoration Equipment, resembles a retainer and makes use of springs to use strain to the entrance tooth and higher palate, in response to a patent software filed in 2021. In 2023, after a joint investigation by KFF Well being Information and CBS Information reported allegations of sufferers harmed by the AGGA, the FDA and the Division of Justice opened investigations into the gadget.

This Anterior Development Steering Equipment, or “AGGA” gadget, was bought by orthodontists Neal Kravitz and Jeffrey Miller as a part of their ongoing analysis into the gadget and its issues. (Claire Miclat/KFF Well being Information/TNS) 

Dentists throughout the nation have promoted the AGGA on their web sites, typically claiming it could possibly “develop,” “rework,” or “develop” an grownup’s jaw with out surgical procedure, generally saying it has the potential to make sufferers extra engaging and to deal with widespread illnesses like TMJ and sleep apnea, which afflict tens of millions of Individuals. Galella has mentioned in depositions and video footage that the AGGA causes the bones in an grownup’s jaw to “rework” ahead, reshaping their face.

The 2017 video footage incorporates different examples of Galella instructing dentists to deal with TMJ and sleep apnea sufferers with the AGGA, which he generally calls a “progress equipment.” In a single phase, he describes utilizing a progress equipment on “9 out of 10” of his TMJ sufferers. In one other occasion, Galella presents photographs of what he says is a TMJ affected person, then proceeds to explain how he handled them with an AGGA whereas displaying photographs of the affected person’s gadget and saying: “It’s simple with this equipment.” The footage additionally exhibits Galella calling a progress equipment “the treatment” for sleep apnea, and he later says in reference to sleep apnea that “with a progress equipment, yeah, you possibly can repair it.”

When Galella was confronted with this video footage throughout his current deposition, he mentioned his statements had been taken “out of context,” in response to the deposition transcript.

The AGGA plaintiffs alleged of their lawsuits not that Galella handled them straight however as a substitute that he or his firm consulted with their dentists and ready AGGA “remedy plans” for every affected person.

Galella mentioned throughout his deposition he had reviewed greater than 12,000 remedy plans however mentioned he’d by no means seen one which used the AGGA to deal with TMJ or sleep apnea, in response to the transcript. Within the AGGA lawsuits, a few dozen remedy plans are filed as displays, and a few of these plans listing the affected person’s “chief grievance” as TMJ or sleep apnea.

Galella’s attorneys didn’t reply to a number of current requests for remark, and Galella declined to be interviewed when approached in particular person in February. Considered one of Galella’s attorneys, Alan Fumuso, mentioned in a written assertion in February that the AGGA “is secure and might obtain useful outcomes” when used correctly.

The KFF Well being Information-CBS Information investigation of the AGGA was primarily based on interviews with 11 individuals who mentioned they have been harm by the gadget and dental specialists who mentioned they’d witnessed extreme issues in AGGA sufferers. The investigation discovered no file of the AGGA being registered with the FDA and no peer-reviewed proof displaying the gadget “expands” or “remodels” the jaw as Galella and different dentists have claimed.

“Your complete idea of this gadget, of this remedy, makes zero sense,” mentioned Kasey Li, a maxillofacial surgeon and sleep apnea specialist who has printed analysis on AGGA sufferers. “It doesn’t develop the jaw. It doesn’t widen the jaw. It simply pushes the tooth out of their unique place.”

Within the wake of the KFF Well being Information-CBS Information investigation, the FDA introduced it was “evaluating security considerations” in regards to the AGGA and an identical gadget, the Anterior Reworking Equipment. The company mentioned the units had been used to deal with TMJ and sleep apnea though they weren’t cleared by the FDA and their security and effectiveness had not been established.

Weeks later, the prison investigation into the AGGA was disclosed in court docket filings by Galella and gadget producer Johns Dental Laboratories, who mentioned the U.S. lawyer’s workplace in Memphis, Tennessee, was “probably bringing prison expenses” towards them. In one other court docket submitting, Johns Dental offered a replica of a grand jury subpoena in search of all kinds of AGGA paperwork, together with “any complaints acquired from any supply in any respect relating to the AGGA.”

Since then, Galella has resolved lawsuits from no less than 19 AGGA plaintiffs by out-of-court settlements with none public admission of fault. Further AGGA lawsuits have been filed in Indiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington, with all plaintiffs alleging they have been harmed whereas being handled for TMJ or sleep apnea.

Alice Runion, a 30-year-old IT marketing consultant residing exterior Indianapolis, alleged in a type of lawsuits that carrying an AGGA as a part of her TMJ remedy resulted in “everlasting impairment and disfigurement” and “prompted extreme harm to the roots of [her] tooth.”

In an interview, Runion added that the AGGA prompted lingering migraines which have left her unable to work on a pc for lengthy stretches, forcing her out of her job. Runion mentioned that even after corrective jaw surgical procedure that value tens of 1000’s of {dollars}, a few of her tooth should be in danger.

“My surgeon and my well being care suppliers have instructed me that it’s doable that I might lose tooth sooner or later nonetheless due to the remedy I acquired,” Runion mentioned.

The AGGA can be being studied by orthodontists Neal Kravitz and Jeffrey Miller, who mentioned they intend to publish a analysis paper subsequent 12 months on how the gadget hurts sufferers. Miller, who has been a paid marketing consultant for some AGGA plaintiffs, mentioned he has examined dental scans from no less than 30 sufferers who have been “broken” by the AGGA.

“It’s not troublesome to see the sample,” Miller mentioned. “The sufferers lose bone that helps the housing of their tooth.”

Miller and Kravitz mentioned that they purchased an AGGA in Might for his or her analysis and that the Division of Justice despatched an official to {photograph} the unboxing of the gadget for the prison investigation.

Miller and Kravitz added that Johns Dental was keen to promote them the AGGA provided that they didn’t consult with the gadget by identify whereas buying it. They offered KFF Well being Information and CBS Information with a replica of an e mail during which a Johns Dental worker writes: “To order the expansion home equipment from right here on out, you’ll have to keep away from utilizing the names of these home equipment or Dr. Galella’s identify.”

A Johns Dental facility was inspected by the FDA in July, in response to on-line inspection information. These information present the corporate was issued seven citations pertaining to medical units, however don’t particularly point out the AGGA or any particular gadget. One quotation was for an unspecified gadget whose “design historical past file doesn’t show that the design was developed following the necessities” of federal regulation. Johns Dental declined to remark by its lawyer, Jeffrey Oberlies.

Ten days after that FDA inspection, Johns Dental proprietor Jerry Neuenschwander was deposed in an AGGA lawsuit, court docket information present. He pleaded the Fifth in response to each query, in response to a deposition transcript obtained by KFF Well being Information and CBS Information.

Spokespeople for the Justice Division and the FDA declined to touch upon the AGGA. Attorneys for Neuenschwander didn’t reply to requests for remark.


CBS Information producer Nicole Keller contributed to this report.


(KFF Well being Information, previously referred to as Kaiser Well being Information (KHN), is a nationwide newsroom that produces in-depth journalism about well being points and is among the core working applications of KFF — the unbiased supply for well being coverage analysis, polling and journalism.)

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