September 23, 2023

By Mayo Clinic Information Community (TNS)

DEAR MAYO CLINIC: My physician really helpful that I add extra fruit and veggies to my food plan. I’ve slowly elevated my consumption over the previous two months, however currently I’ve begun to expertise elevated gasoline and bloating. Are there sure meals to keep away from to restrict belly misery? How can I embrace a extra healthful food plan however banish the discomfort?

ANSWER: Congratulations on working to embrace a extra nutritious food plan. Incorporating extra fruit and veggies, which offer helpful fiber, is a step in the precise course to assist handle ldl cholesterol, blood stress, blood sugar and general weight. Nevertheless, if you’re not used to consuming fiber-rich meals in your food plan, it would be best to accomplish that slowly to keep away from bloating and belly ache.

The quantity of fiber every particular person wants relies on age. Usually, males aged 50 and youthful ought to goal for 38 grams of fiber day by day, whereas ladies of this age would goal 25 grams day by day. As we age, fiber consumption suggestions lower. Males aged 51 and older ought to goal for 30 grams of fiber day by day; ladies ought to goal for 21 grams day by day.

Additionally, be conscious that sure meals — and drinks — can set off extra digestive discomfort. Take into account avoiding some widespread offenders and you’ll proceed in your path to a extra nutritious way of life.

Fruits with excessive fructose content material

Many individuals keep away from fruit as a result of fruit has sugar, together with fructose and sorbitol, which might trigger irritation and gasoline. However fruit accommodates fiber, which is vital for a nutritious diet, and helpful nutritional vitamins and minerals. Keep away from fruits which are excessive in fructose, akin to apples, pears and watermelon. As an alternative, select bananas, oranges, cantaloupe and darker-hued fruit — akin to blackberries, blueberries and strawberries — which comprise helpful antioxidants.

Beans and lentils

Although beans and lentils are glorious sources of protein and fiber, these meals additionally comprise complicated sugars known as oligosaccharides, which trigger bloating and gasoline as they move by means of the digestive system. To scale back the quantity of sugar, at all times rinse canned beans and guarantee they’re completely cooked. Cooking beans till they’re very comfortable helps to lower gasoline manufacturing.

Various, easier-to-digest choices that gained’t trigger as a lot bloating embrace tofu, tempeh or quinoa.

Cruciferous greens

Broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts and cabbage are among the many most difficult to digest attributable to their complicated fibers, which are inclined to ferment within the intestine, inflicting gasoline and bloating. Various nutrient-rich meals which are simpler on the intestine embrace darkish leafy greens like kale, spinach and Swiss chard.

Onions and garlic

Many allium household varieties, together with purple and yellow onions and garlic, will be tough to digest. It’s because they comprise one thing known as fructan, which might ferment within the intestine and trigger nausea, bloating, gasoline and diarrhea. To scale back sensitivity, prepare dinner the greens nicely or soak in water for no less than quarter-hour if consuming them uncooked. You might also think about using powdered variations — though some folks should still have sensitivity. To reinforce taste in your dishes, look to alternate options akin to celery, fennel, shallots or chives. You too can add different spices and herbs akin to basil, ginger and oregano so as to add depth to your meals with out the worry of digestive points.

With some changes, you may ease the bloating and discomfort you at present expertise. Extra ideas embrace:

— Eat smaller meals, extra steadily. As an alternative of consuming giant meals, eat smaller parts extra steadily all through the day. This method will help your digestive system course of meals extra effectively, lowering the probabilities of bloating.

— Eat slowly. Taking time to chew your meals completely will help be sure that meals is correctly damaged down in your mouth, which aids digestion and reduces the pressure in your abdomen. This additionally lets you keep away from overeating, which might put pointless stress in your digestive system and trigger extra bloating.

— Keep hydrated. Make sure you drink sufficient water day by day to help wholesome digestion. Being correctly hydrated helps transfer meals easily by means of your digestive tract.

— Keep away from carbonated drinks. Soda and different carbonated drinks introduce extra air into the digestive system, which results in extra bloating and gasoline. As an alternative, drink nonetheless or flat water or attempt peppermint, chamomile or ginger tea after meals, which will help promote digestion and soothe your intestine.

— Hold a meals journal. As you regulate your food plan, take into account monitoring what you eat and the way you are feeling afterward in a meals journal. This apply will help you determine particular set off meals and allow you to make additional changes in your consolation.

Hopefully, by incorporating small modifications, you may proceed having fun with your new food plan with out disagreeable unintended effects. Fiber has many advantages, together with improved intestine well being over time. Nevertheless, for those who discover that you simply nonetheless expertise bloating, gasoline or different belly discomfort, discuss together with your major healthcare specialist. She or he can rule out meals allergy symptoms or different situations. Dr. Christine Nguyen, Household Medication, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida

©2023 Mayo Clinic Information Community. Go to Distributed by Tribune Content material Company, LLC.