By Hyung-jin Kim | Related Press
SEOUL, South Korea — South Korea’s parliament on Tuesday handed a landmark ban on manufacturing and gross sales of canine meat, as public requires a prohibition have grown sharply over considerations about animal rights and the nation’s worldwide picture.
Some offended canine farmers stated they plan to problem the invoice’s constitutionality and maintain protest rallies, an indication of continued heated debate over the ban.
After a three-year grace interval, the invoice would make slaughtering, breeding and gross sales of canine meat for human consumption unlawful from 2027 and punishable by 2-3 years in jail. It doesn’t present any penalties for consuming canine meat.
Canine meat consumption, a centuries-old follow on the Korean Peninsula, is neither explicitly banned nor legalized in South Korea. It has lengthy been considered as a supply of stamina on sizzling summer time days. Latest surveys present greater than half of South Koreans need canine meat banned and a majority now not eat it. However one in each three South Koreans nonetheless opposes a ban despite the fact that they don’t devour it.
The Nationwide Meeting handed the invoice by a 208-0 vote. It’ll grow to be regulation after being endorsed by the Cupboard Council and signed by President Yoon Suk Yeol, thought of formalities since his authorities helps the ban.
“This regulation is geared toward contributing to realizing the values of animal rights, which pursue respect for all times and a harmonious co-existence between people and animals,” the laws says.The invoice provides help to canine farmers and others within the business in shutting down their companies and shifting to alternate options. Particulars are to be labored out amongst authorities officers, farmers, specialists and animal rights activists.
Dozens of animal rights activists gathered on the Nationwide Meeting to have a good time the invoice’s passage. They carried giant photographs of canines, chanted slogans and held placards studying “Canine meat-free Korea is coming.”
Humane Society Worldwide known as the laws’s passage “historical past within the making.”
“I by no means thought I might see in my lifetime a ban on the merciless canine meat business in South Korea, however this historic win for animals is testomony to the eagerness and willpower of our animal safety motion,” stated JungAh Chae, government director of HSI’s Korea workplace.
Canine are additionally eaten in China, Vietnam, Indonesia, North Korea and in some African international locations. However South Korea’s canine meat business has drawn extra consideration due to the nation’s status as a cultural and financial powerhouse. It’s additionally the one nation with industrial-scale canine farms. Most farms in South Korea increase about 500 canines, however one visited by The Related Press in July had about 7,000.
Farmers have been extraordinarily upset by the invoice’s passage.
“It is a clear case of state violence as they’re infringing on our freedom to decide on our occupation. We are able to’t simply sit by idly,” stated Son Received Hak, a farmer and former chief of a farmers’ affiliation.
Son stated canine farmers will file a petition with the Constitutional Courtroom of Korea and maintain demonstrations. He stated farmers will meet on Wednesday to debate different steps.
There is no such thing as a dependable official knowledge on the precise measurement of South Korea’s canine meat business. Activists and farmers say tons of of 1000’s of canines are slaughtered for meat annually.
The anti-dog meat marketing campaign obtained an enormous enhance from the nation’s first woman, Kim Keon Hee, who has repeatedly expressed her help for a prohibition. She has grow to be the topic of withering criticism and crude insults throughout demonstrations by farmers.
The laws doesn’t clearly specify how canine farmers and others within the business will likely be supported. Agriculture Minister Music Mi-ryung stated Tuesday the federal government will attempt to formulate cheap help packages for them.
Ju Yeongbong, an official of the farmers’ affiliation, stated most farmers are of their 60-80s and hope to proceed their companies till older folks, their fundamental clients, die. However Ju stated the laws would “strip them of their proper to reside” as a result of it might probably find yourself solely providing help for dismantling their amenities and for transitions, with out compensation for giving up their canines.
Son stated many aged canine farmers are keen to shut their farms if correct monetary compensation is offered due to the extraordinarily detrimental public view of their jobs.
Cheon JinKyung, head of Korea Animal Rights Advocates in Seoul, accused farmers of demanding unrealistically excessive compensation. She stated compensation based mostly on the variety of canines owned by farmers gained’t be accepted, however acknowledged that funds would probably be a significant concern.
Bizarre residents have been break up over the ban.
“Canine are completely different from cows, chickens and pigs,” stated Kim Myung-ae, a 58-year-old Seoul resident. “Why would you continue to eat canines when they’re now seen extra as family-like pets than meals?”
One other Seoul resident, Jeong Yoon Hee, disagreed, saying whether or not to eat canine meat is a matter of a private selection and dietary tradition. “Canine are canines, not people,” she stated.
Related Press author Jiwon Music contributed to this report.