October 4, 2023

By Elizabeth Stuart, Jeremy Herb and Zachary Cohen | CNN

Fulton County’s sweeping indictment towards former President Donald Trump and 18 extra co-defendants additionally contains particulars involving 30 “unindicted co-conspirators” – individuals who Fulton County District Legal professional Fani Willis alleges took half within the legal conspiracy to overturn the 2020 election.

A number of the co-conspirators are key Trump advisers, like Boris Epshteyn, whereas a number of others are possible Georgia officers who had been the state’s pretend electors for Donald Trump.

One of many unindicted co-conspirators who seems a number of instances within the indictment is Georgia’s Republican Lt. Gov. Burt Jones. Willis was barred by a state decide from investigating Jones after she hosted a fundraiser final 12 months for Jones’ Democratic opponent when he was a state senator operating for lieutenant governor.

The 98-page doc alleges the 30 unindicted co-conspirators, who usually are not named, “constituted a legal group whose members and associates engaged in numerous associated legal actions” throughout the 41 costs specified by the indictment.

“Prosecutors use the ‘co-conspirator’ label for people who find themselves not charged within the indictment however nonetheless had been individuals within the crime,” stated Elie Honig, a CNN senior authorized analyst and former federal and state prosecutor. “We do that to guard the identification and popularity of uncharged individuals – although they typically are readily identifiable – and, at instances, to show up the stress and attempt to flip them earlier than a possible indictment drops.”

CNN was capable of establish among the co-conspirators by piecing collectively particulars included within the indictment. Paperwork reviewed from earlier reporting additionally present clues, particularly the reams of emails and testimony from the Home January 6 Committee’s report launched late final 12 months.

CNN has been capable of establish or slim down almost the entire unindicted co-conspirators:

Co-conspirator 1 is Tom Fitton of Judicial Watch

Tom Fitton, President of Judicial Watch, addresses the Conservative Political Motion Convention on February 28, 2021 in Orlando, Florida.(Joe Raedle/Getty Photos) 

The indictment refers to Trump’s speech on November 4, 2020, “falsely declaring victory within the 2020 presidential election” and that Particular person 1 mentioned a draft of that speech roughly 4 days earlier, on October 31, 2020.

The January 6 committee obtained an electronic mail from Fitton despatched on October 31 to Trump’s assistant Molly Michael and his communications adviser Dan Scavino, which says, “Please see beneath a draft assertion as you requested.”

The assertion Fitton wrote additionally says partially, “We had an election right this moment – and I received.”

Co-conspirator 3 is Boris Epshteyn, Trump political adviser

A November 19, 2020 photo shows Trump campaign advisor Boris Epshteyn at the Republican National Committee headquarters in Washington, DC.(Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images/FILE)
A November 19, 2020 photograph exhibits Trump marketing campaign advisor Boris Epshteyn on the Republican Nationwide Committee headquarters in Washington, DC.(Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Photos/FILE) 

The indictment states that co-conspirator 3 appeared on the notorious November 19, 2020, press convention on the Republican Nationwide Committee headquarters in Washington, with Rudy Giuliani, one of many defendants within the case. Epshteyn was there.

The indictment additionally contains two emails between co-conspirator 3, John Eastman and Kenneth Chesebro, two legal professionals who pushed the technique of then-Vice President Mike Pence attempting to overturn the election on January 6, 2021, together with one with a draft memo for choices of the right way to proceed on January 6.

In line with emails launched by the January 6 committee, Epshteyn was the third individual on these emails.

Co-conspirator 4 is Robert Sinners, Trump’s Georgia election day operations lead

Particular person 4 acquired an electronic mail from co-defendant David Shafer, who was then Georgia’s Republican Get together chair, on November 20, 2020, that stated Scott Graham Corridor, a Georgia bail bondsman, “has been trying into the election on behalf of the President on the request of David Bossie,” in line with the indictment.

CNN obtained courtroom paperwork that present Shafer despatched this electronic mail to Sinners in November 2020: “Scott Corridor has been trying into the election on behalf of the President on the request of David Bossie. I do know him.” Corridor is among the 19 defendants charged within the indictment.

The indictment notes an extra electronic mail from December 12, 2020, from Shafer to Particular person 4 advising them to “contact base” with every of the Trump presidential elector nominees in Georgia prematurely of the December 14, 2020, assembly to verify their attendance.

CNN reporting from June 2022 reveals an electronic mail trade between Sinners and David Shafer on December 13, 2020, 18 hours earlier than the group of alternate electors gathered on the Georgia State Capitol.

“I need to ask on your full discretion on this course of,” Sinners wrote. “Your duties are crucial to make sure the top end result – a win in Georgia for President Trump – however might be hampered until we’ve got full secrecy and discretion.”

Co-conspirator 5 is Bernie Kerik, former NYPD Commissioner

Former New York Police Department Commissioner Bernie Kerik is seen here at Trump National Golf Club on June 13.(Mary Altaffer/AP)
Former New York Police Division Commissioner Bernie Kerik is seen right here at Trump Nationwide Golf Membership on June 13.(Mary Altaffer/AP) 

Kerik’s legal professional, Tim Parlatore, confirmed to CNN that his consumer is the unnamed particular person listed within the indictment as co-conspirator 5. The indictment refers to co-conspirator 5 collaborating in a number of conferences with lawmakers in Pennsylvania and Arizona, states Trump was contesting after the 2020 election.

That included the assembly Kerik attended on the White Home on November 25, 2020, with a gaggle of Pennsylvania legislators, together with Trump, then-White Home Chief of Employees Mark Meadows, Giuliani, Jenna Ellis and particular person 6.

Parlatore took difficulty with Willis’ definition of co-conspirator within the case of Kerik, saying that the indictment solely refers to him within the context of receiving emails and attending conferences.

Co-conspirator 6 is GOP operative Phil Waldron

Phil Waldron is pictured here at a hearing in front of Michigan lawmakers in December 2020.(Michigan House Oversight Committee)
Phil Waldron is pictured right here at a listening to in entrance of Michigan lawmakers in December 2020.(Michigan Home Oversight Committee) 

The indictment says on November 25, 2020, Trump, Meadows, Giuliani, Ellis, People 5 and 6 met on the White Home with a gaggle of Pennsylvania legislators.

In line with the January 6 committee report, Waldron was among the many guests who had been on the White Home that day, together with Kerik and legal professional Katherine Freiss. Cassidy Hutchinson, former aide to Meadows, defined that their dialog with the president touched on holding a particular session of the Pennsylvania state legislature to nominate Trump electors.

The indictment additionally says on December 21, 2020, Sidney Powell, a defendant within the case, despatched an electronic mail to People 6, 21 and 22 that they had been to right away “obtain a replica of all knowledge” from Dominion’s voting techniques in Michigan.

The Washington Publish reported final August that the e-mail acknowledged Waldron was among the many three individuals to obtain the information, together with Conan Hayes and Todd Sanders.

Waldron is the one one who was concerned in each the White Home assembly and acquired the Powell electronic mail.

Co-conspirator 8 is Georgia Lt. Gov. Burt Jones

Burt Jones, Georgia's Republican Lieutenant Governor, is pictured here.(Elijah Nouvelage/Getty Images/FILE)
Burt Jones, Georgia’s Republican Lieutenant Governor, is pictured right here.(Elijah Nouvelage/Getty Photos/FILE) 

The indictment says Giuliani re-tweeted a put up from co-conspirator 8 on December 7, 2020, calling upon Georgia voters to contact their native representatives and ask them to signal a petition for a particular session to make sure “each authorized vote is counted.” The date and content material of the tweet match a tweet posted by Jones, who was on the time a state senator.

Jones, who was elected lieutenant governor in November, seems greater than a dozen instances all through the indictment as co-conspirator 8, together with as a pretend elector.

After the 2020 election, Jones was calling for a particular session of the Georgia legislature, one thing Gov. Brian Kemp and former Lt. Gov. Geoff Duncan refused to do.

On Thursday, Pete Skandalakis, the manager director of the Prosecuting Attorneys Council of Georgia, instructed CNN that he’ll appoint a particular prosecutor to analyze Jones’ position within the state’s 2020 election interference case, after a decide blocked Willis from investigating him final 12 months.

Co-conspirators 9 is former Georgia Republican Get together Treasurer Joseph Brannan

The indictment lists a number of emails despatched to co-conspirator 9 associated to preparations for the pretend electors who met on December 14, 2020, together with an electronic mail from Chesebro “to assist coordinate with the opposite 5 contested States, to assist with logistics of the electors in different States hopefully becoming a member of in casting their votes on Monday.”

In line with emails obtained by the January 6 committee, that electronic mail was despatched to an account belong to the Georgia GOP treasurer, which on the time was Brannan.

Co-conspirator 9 can be included within the indictment as one of many 13 unindicted co-conspirators who served as pretend electors.

Co-conspirators 10 and 11 are Georgia GOP officers Carolyn Fisher and Vikki Consiglio

The indictment says on December 10, 2020, Ken Chesebro despatched an electronic mail to Georgia state Republican Chair David Shafer and People 9, 10 and 11, with paperwork that had been for use by Trump electors to create pretend certificates.

The January 6 committee obtained as a part of its proof an electronic mail from Chesebro despatched on December 10 despatched to Shafer and three different electronic mail addresses. One is for Carolyn Fisher, the previous Georgia GOP first vice chair, one is for the Georgia Republican Get together treasurer and one is for the Georgia GOP assistant treasurer, the position Consiglio was serving in 2020.

The e-mail accommodates attachments of memos and certificates that could possibly be used to assist swap out the Biden electors with a slate of electors for Trump.

Each co-conspirators 10 and 11 additionally served as pretend electors in Georgia.

Co-conspirators 2 and 8-19 are the pretend electors

Of the 30 unindicted co-conspirators, 13 are listed because the pretend electors for Donald Trump, who signed papers “unlawfully falsely holding themselves out because the duly elected and certified presidential electors from the State of Georgia,” in line with the indictment.

Three of the 16 Georgia pretend electors had been charged within the indictment: David Shafer, Shawn Nonetheless and Cathleen Alston Latham.

The opposite 13 pretend electors, in line with the pretend electors certificates revealed by the Nationwide Archives, are Jones (co-conspirator 8), Joseph Brannan (co-conspirator 9), James “Ken” Carroll, Gloria Godwin, David Hanna, Mark Hennessy, Mark Amick, John Downey, Daryl Moody, Brad Carver, CB Yadav and two others who seem like People 10 and 11.

A number of of the pretend electors who weren’t charged are solely listed within the indictment for his or her position signing on as electors for Trump, whereas others, like Jones, seem in different components of the indictment as being extra actively concerned with the alleged conspiracy.

Co-conspirator 20 is unclear

The indictment says Particular person 20 was a part of a gathering on the White Home on December 18, 2020, with Trump, Giuliani and Powell, recognized to have mentioned the potential of seizing voting machines.

The December 18 assembly featured prominently throughout among the hearings from the January 6 committee. All however two of the skin advisers who attended have been named as co-defendants within the indictment already: former Trump nationwide safety adviser Michael Flynn and former Overstock.com CEO Patrick Byrne.

The assembly featured fiery exchanges between Trump’s White Home legal professionals and his workforce of outdoor advisers, together with on whether or not to nominate Sidney Powell as particular counsel to analyze voter fraud, in line with the indictment and former particulars which were disclosed in regards to the assembly.

The skin advisers famously obtained right into a screaming match with Trump’s White Home legal professionals – Pat Cipollone and Eric Herschmann – on the Oval Workplace assembly. Cipollone and Herschmann, together with Meadows, pushed again intensely on the proposals, Cipollone and Herschmann testified to the January 6 committee.

Co-conspirators 21 and 22 are Conan Hayes and Todd Sanders